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:: Volume 36, Issue 4 (2021) ::
GeoRes 2021, 36(4): 429-436 Back to browse issues page
Resilience Model of Rural Women after the Earthquake in Sarpol-e Zahab, Iran
M. Pourksamaei1, H. Pouryousefi1, A. Khademian *1
1- Department of Sociology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (378 Views)
Aims: The study of women's resilience as a vulnerable group in society can explain some of the problems and consequences before and after a disaster on the socio-cultural, economic, psychological status of vulnerable people, especially women. This study aimed to prepare the resilience model of rural women in Sarpol-e Zahab after the earthquake on October 13, 2017.
Methodology: This descriptive-analytical research was carried out by the qualitative-quantitative method from April to March 2020. In the qualitative phase, the research tool was interviews with experts. Sampling was conducted by the theoretical methodology (n=27). The relevant indicators and sub-indicators were coded to prepare the questionnaire. In the quantitative phase, the research tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was 0.7 using Cronbach's alpha. The sample size was 382 according to Cochran's formula.
Findings: Interaction with others, adaptation to the environment, social participation and bonds, and patience in the face of adversity have been the characteristics of resilient women. 52.3, 33.6, and 4.6% of respondent women had low, medium, and high resilience. Economic, socio-cultural, individual, and structural-physical dimensions were recognized as effective factors on women's resilience by receiving 67, 62, 52, and 48% of experts' votes, respectively. According to the affective dimensions, 49 items were introduced as obstacles to resilience. Lack of income, technical skills, women's education, and government support for women and gender discrimination were the considerable obstacles for women's resilience, respectively.
Conclusion: The resilience pattern of rural women in Sarpol-e Zahab after the earthquake of November 12, 2017, is affected by economic, structural-physical, social-cultural, and individual dimensions and related items.
Keywords: Earthquake , Resilience , Women , Sarpol-e Zahab , Rural ,
Full-Text [PDF 525 kb]   (159 Downloads)    
Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: General Geography
Received: 2021/10/25 | Accepted: 2021/11/29 | Published: 2021/12/18
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Pourksamaei M, Pouryousefi H, Khademian A. Resilience Model of Rural Women after the Earthquake in Sarpol-e Zahab, Iran. GeoRes. 2021; 36 (4) :429-436
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Volume 36, Issue 4 (2021) Back to browse issues page
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