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:: Volume 34, Issue 3 (2019) ::
geores 2019, 34(3): 333-346 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Economic Components on the Resilience of Flooded Villagers; a Case Study of Gorganrud Marginal Villages
Abdol Hamid Nazari *1, Mohammad Mirzaali2, Mostafa Taleshi2
1- Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran , ah_nazari_204@yahoo.com
2- Department of Civil, Faculty of Engineering, Ayatolah Boroujerdi University, Boroujerd, Iran
Abstract:   (1512 Views)
Aims & Backgrounds: According to global statistics, flood causes significant damages to societies and human lifes. Vulnerability in facing natural hazards is rooted in lack of savings and financial capital, weaknesses in repayment of bank facilities and improper insurance cover among rural households that causes increase in damages. The aim of current research is to evaluate the relationship between economic factors and the degree of resiliency in Gorganrud marginal villages facing flood.
Methodology: The present study is a descriptive-analytic study consisted of 106 villages located in one kilometer from the Gorganrud border with 22,942 households. The sample size was estimated by using Cochran formula, 31 villages and 318 families respectively. The cluster and random sampling method was used. Data were collected using both documentary and field data using questionnaire. For analyzing the data, ArcGIS software was used.
Findings: The research findings show that rural households in hill area – rangeland of the Gorganrud watershed basin have been exposed to financial damages and more vulnerable to flooding due to overcoming agricultural and labor sector activities, in comparison to the plain-agricultural and mountain-forest areas and have a lower level of resilience. On the one hand, there is a significant relationship between the majority of economic components of rural communities and their resilience levels; However, the economic resilience of the whole society (with an average of 2.64) is relatively weak.
Conclusion: Resiliency can be considered as a scale to define the degree of economic flexibility of structure and components of rural areas facing natural hazards including flooding. Taking into account the fundamental differences in rural places of studied area, in terms of situation and functional indentity, the degree of resiliency of these societies facing flood is different.
 
Keywords: Natural Hazards, Flood, Vulnerability, Rural Resilience, Gorganrud Basin of Golestan
Full-Text [PDF 928 kb]   (222 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Rural Planning
Received: 2018/08/19 | Accepted: 2019/07/29 | Published: 2019/09/7
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Nazari A H, Mirzaali M, Taleshi M. Effects of Economic Components on the Resilience of Flooded Villagers; a Case Study of Gorganrud Marginal Villages. geores. 2019; 34 (3) :333-346
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Volume 34, Issue 3 (2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal
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