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:: Volume 34, Issue 3 (2019) ::
geores 2019, 34(3): 437-444 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between Land Use Patterns and the Parameters Affecting the Sustainability of Urban Transport; a Case Study of Kermanshah City, Iran
Sohrab Amirian * 1, Mostafa Shahinifar2
1- Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran , s_amirian@pnu.ac.ir
2- Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1195 Views)
Aims & Backgrounds: This article evaluates the relationship between land use patterns and sustainable urban transport indicators in Kermanshah City. that tries to answer the  following questions: Is there a connection between the characteristics of density per unit area with walking tendency as a sustainable transport mode? Is there any relation between traffic safety and traffic calming? and finally, what is the relationship between the diversity of land use as a key quality in environmental response with walking as one of the most sustainable modes of transport.
Methodology: The method of this research is descriptive and the statistical population of this study includes all citizens of Kermanshah city in 2018. Using Morgan table, 384 individuals were selected as sample. Data analysis was performed using structural equations modeling.
Findings: The results of the research show that from the total of the three hypotheses presented, only density per unit area with walking tendency (P = 0.206) was not related. The path analysis model in the standard state indicates a significant relationship between traffic relaxation with path safety (P = 0.002) and a diverse and mixed usage pattern with walking distance (P = 0.003). In addition, the concept of land use requires a new definition, with a focus on the diversity of applications and flexibility of the spaces. The result indicate that the use of land is mixed with short trips, and this encourages walking as one of the most sustainable modes of transport within the city.
Conclusion: The type of transport can be effective in terms of access efficiency. Physical relaxation measures can improve transportation safety. Increasing safety does not mean reducing traffic, but it means reducing risks and accidents and sustainability.
Keywords: Transportation, Land Use, Traffic Calming, Walking, Kermanshah City
Full-Text [PDF 831 kb]   (281 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Urban Planning
Received: 2018/02/22 | Accepted: 2019/08/24 | Published: 2019/09/7
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Amirian S, Shahinifar M. Relationship between Land Use Patterns and the Parameters Affecting the Sustainability of Urban Transport; a Case Study of Kermanshah City, Iran. geores. 2019; 34 (3) :437-444
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Volume 34, Issue 3 (2019) Back to browse issues page
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