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:: دوره 33، شماره 3 - ( 1397 ) ::
جلد 33 شماره 3 صفحات 88-105 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
بررسی و تحلیل جایگاه علم و فن‌آوری در قدرت ملی
سید جواد موسوی زارع1، دکتر سید هادی زرقانی*2، دکتر هادی اعظمی1
1- گروه جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
2- گروه جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران ، h-zarghani@um.ac.ir
چکیده:   (692 مشاهده)
مقدمه: قدرت ملی هر کشور برگرفته از منابع متعددی است که به‌صورت هم‌افزا و در پیوند با یکدیگر، شاکله قدرت یک کشور را می‌سازند؛ علی‌رغم اینکه هر یک از مؤلفه‌های قدرت، نقش مهم و مجزایی در تولید قدرت ملی دارند. اما به نظر می‌رسد؛ در بین آن‌ها، علم و فن‌آوری از جایگاه و نقش برتری برخوردار است؛ به‌طوری‌که، این عنصر قدرت ضمن داشتن کارکرد مستقل، در تقویت سایر ابعاد قدرت ملی نیز مؤثر است.
اهداف: هدف این پژوهش، تحلیل جایگاه علم و فن‌آوری در قدرت ملی است. این پژوهش پیگیری می‌کند که علم و فن‌آوری از چه نقش و تأثیری بر سایر مؤلفه‌ها و ابعاد قدرت ملی همچون بعد اقتصادی، سیاسی، نظامی و ... برخوردار است.
مواد و روش‌ها: این پژوهش با اتّکا به پارادایم نئولیبرالیسم و روش‌شناسی تحلیل ثانویه از یک‌سو و مراجعه به آراء اندیشمندان داخلی و خارجی در قالب پرسش‌نامه تنظیم‌شده است.
نتیجه‌گیری: یافته‌های تحلیلی پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که فاکتور علم و فن‌آوری به‌عنوان عاملی تأثیرگذار، در تقویت ابعاد اقتصادی، نظامی، سیاسی، سرزمینی، فرهنگی و اجتماعی قدرت ملی از نقش برجسته‌ای برخوردار است؛ همچنین یافته‌های میدانی پژوهش و مراجعه به اندیشمندان داخلی و خارجی هم بیانگر این بوده که علم و فن‌آوری به ترتیب بر روی قدرت اقتصادی، نظامی، سیاسی، فرهنگی، اجتماعی و سرزمینی بیشترین نقش و تأثیر را داشته است.
واژه‌های کلیدی: قدرت ملی، علم، فن‌آوری، مؤلفه‌های قدرت ملی
متن کامل [PDF 885 kb]   (257 دریافت)    
نوع مقاله: پژوهشی اصیل | موضوع مقاله: جغرافیای سیاسی
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۹/۴ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۷/۷/۱۵ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۷/۹/۲۸
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Mousavi Zare S J, Zarghani S H, Azami H. Analysis and Survey the Position of Science and Technology in National Power. geores. 2018; 33 (3) :88-105
URL: http://georesearch.ir/article-1-274-fa.html

موسوی زارع سید جواد، زرقانی سید هادی، اعظمی هادی. بررسی و تحلیل جایگاه علم و فن‌آوری در قدرت ملی. فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی. 1397; 33 (3) :88-105

URL: http://georesearch.ir/article-1-274-fa.html



دوره 33، شماره 3 - ( 1397 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal
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