زمان پاسخگویی تنها روزهای زوج ساعت 8 الی 10 صبح 

   [Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: About :: Main :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 33, Issue 1 (6-2018) ::
geores 2018, 33(1): 209-223 Back to browse issues page
Explaining Status of Entrepreneurship Indicators and Predicting Them in Rural Residences (Case Study: Ravansar Township)
Hamid Barghi 1, Amir ali Zolfaghari 1
1- Department of Geography and Rural planning ,University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (283 Views)

Today, entrepreneurship is one of the most important strategies for the development of local communities that in order to develop it, basic studies in this field are essential. Given the importance of entrepreneurship in the economic and social development of today's societies, it is important to explain the status of entrepreneurial indicators among villagers, as well as identify factors that can be effective in strengthening entrepreneurial indices. The present quantitative study, conducted via descriptive-analytical method, is aimed at investigating and assessing the state of entrepreneurship indicators and identifying factors affecting those indicators in rural residences of Ravansar Township. The data gathering tool was a questionnaire. The statistical population of the study consists of all heads of rural households in Ravansar Township as 5668 individuals. To achieve the research objectives, comparison tests, frequency distribution table, Pearson correlation coefficient and Spearman and multivariate regression were used in SPSS software. The results regarding enjoyment of heads of households from the entrepreneurship indicators indicated that the degree of enjoyment of 39.2% of the participants were at low and very low levels, 45.5% of them were at the moderate level, and about 15.3% of them were at high and very high levels. All in all, the mean calculated for villagers’ enjoyment of entrepreneurship indicators was about 2.74% which is a level lower than the moderate one. The results of multivariate regression indicated that five identified variables could explain about 70% of the variance of entrepreneurship indicators in the studied area. The identified variables and the explained percentage of each of them are as follows: socioeconomic status (0.391), access to facilities and equipment (0.315), social capital (0.244), performance of management institutions (0.240), and ownership of capital resources (0.191) respective to their significance. Results the relationship between entrepreneurship indices and the variables studied showed in among the 11 variables studied, the relationship between entrepreneurship and gender variables; Internet access, age, household size, and distance to essential centers were not statistically significant and the mentioned variables have not related to entrepreneurship.
© 2018 Geographical Researches

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship Indicators, Rural Development, Ravansar.
Full-Text [PDF 791 kb]   (119 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/05/16 | Accepted: 2018/04/1 | Published: 2018/06/19
References
1. Arabiuon, A., Abdolzadeh, Gh., Sharifzadeh, A., Mohseni, A. (2010), Identification and Prioritization of Determining Indicators of Entrepreneurial Businesses, Journal of Entrepreneurship, No. 8, pp. 71-106. (in Persian).
2. ­ Azkia, M., Ghafari, Gh. (2004), Rural Development with Emphasis on Iran, Tehran, Ney Pub, (in Persian).
3. ­ Bartlett, J. E., Kotrlik, J. W., Higgins, C. C. (2001), Organizational Research Determining Appropriate Sample Size in Survey Research Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 43-50.
4. ­ Carter, S. (2005), Constraints on Women Enterprise, 27th Conference Enterprise and Small Business, University of Strathclyed in Glasgow, pp. 36-47.
5. ­ Celik, M., Tatar, M. (2011), Employment-Unemployment Issues and Solution Suggestions Adiyaman Example, Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business. Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 1211- 1226.
6. ­ Chakraborty, D. (2014), Socio-Economic Determinants of Growth of Rural Entrepreneurship in Sonitpur Distric of Assam- an Emprical Study, Journal of Behavioural Economics, Finance, Entrepreneurship, Accounting and Transport, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 26-34.
7. ­ Chowdhury, M.S. (2007), Overcoming Entrepreneurship Development Constraints, the Case of Bangladesh, Journal of Enterprising Communities People and Places in the Global Economy, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 240-251.
8. ­ Folmer, H., Dutta, S., Oud, H. (2010), Determinants of Rural Industrial Entrepreneurship of Farmers in West Bengal: A Structural Equations Approach, International Regional Science Review, Vol. 33, No 4, pp. 367-396.
9. ­ Gurol, Y., Atsan, N., (2006), Entrepreneurial Characteristics among University Students and Training in Turkey, Education and Training, Vol. 48, No. 1, pp. 25-38.
10. ­ Herman, E., Georgescu, M.A. (2012), Employment Strategy for Poverty Reduction, A Romanian Perspective, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 58, pp. 406-415.
11. ­ Iosua E.E., Gray A.R., McGee, R., Erik L.C., Keane, R., Healsc, M., Hancox, R.J (2014), Employment Among Schoolchildren and Its Associations with Adult Substance Use, Psychological Well-being, and Academic Achievement, Journal of Adolescent Health. Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 1-7.
12. ­ Jamini, D., Taghdisi, A., Jamshidi, A. (2014), Identification of Employment Development Strategies in Rural Areas Using the SWOT Model (Case Study: Badr district, Ravansar County), journal of Rural Development Strategies, No. 4, pp. 133-149. (in Persian).
13. ­ Jamshidi, A., Jamini, D., Ghanbari, U., Tosi, R., Pesaraklo, M. (2015), Investigating the Factors Affecting the Development of Entrepreneurship in Agricultural Production Cooperatives in Minoodasht County, Geographical Planning of Space Quarterly Journal, No. 15, pp. 205-218, (in Persian).
14. ­ Kucera, D., Roncolato, L., Von Uexkull, E. (2012), Trade Contraction and Employment in India and South Africa During the Global Crisis, World Development. Vol. 40. No. 6, pp. 1122–1134.
15. ­ Littunen, H. (2000), Entrepreneurship and the Characteristics of the Entrepreneurial Personality. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior, Research, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 295-310.‌
16. ­ Markman, G.D., Baron, R.A. (2003), Person-entrepreneurship Fit, Why Some People Are More Successful as Entrepreneurs Than Others, Human Resource Management, Vol. 13, No. 2., pp. 281–301
17. ­ Mccline, R.L. (2000), Opportunity Recognition an Exploratory Investigation of a Component of the Entrepreneurial Process in The Context of the Health Care Industry Theory and practice, Tertiary Education Management, Vol. 25, No. 2., pp. 81-94.
18. ­ Mohapatra, S. Rozelle, S. Goodhue, R. (2007), The Rise of Self-employment in Rural China: Development or Distress? World Development. Vol. 35. No. 1, pp. 163- 181.
19. ­ Movahedi, R. Yaghoubi-Farani, A. (2012), Analysis of The Barriers and Limitations for the Development of Rural Women's Entrepreneurship, Int. J. of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 469 - 487.
20. ­ Nawaz, F. (2009), Critical Factors of Women Entrepreneurship Development in Rural Bangladesh. U.S.A, Bangladesh Development Research Center, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 1-19.
21. ­ Roomi, M.A. Parrott, G. (2008), Barriers to Development and Progression of women Entrepreneurs in Pakistan, the Journal of Entrepreneurship, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 59–72.
22. ­ Rotheroe, N., Richards, A. (2007), Social Return On Investment and Social Enterprise: Transparent Accountability for Sustainable Development. Social Enterprise Journal, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 31-48.
23. ­ Roknodin Eftekhari, A., Sojasi Ghaydari, H. (2010), Rural Development with Emphasis on Entrepreneurship, Tehran, SAMT Pub. (in Persian).
24. ­ Sathiabama, K. (2010), Rural Women Empowerment and Entrepreneurship Development, Retrieved from: http://ideas.repec.org/p/ess/wpaper/id2475.html
25. ­ Seelos, C. Mair, J. (2005), Social Entrepreneurship Creating New Business Journal of Business Horizons, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 241-246.
26. ­ Sen, P. (2007), Asoka’s Big Idea, Transforming the World Through Social Entrepreneurship, Futures, Vol. 39, No. 5, pp. 534-539.
27. ­ Stel, A., Caree, M., R. Thurik., (2004), The Effect of Entrepreneurship On National Economic Growth: An Analysis Using The GEM Database, The First GEM Research Conference, Entrepreneurship, Government Policies, and Economic Growth, Germany, Vol. 4 No. 34 pp. 1-19.
28. ­ Thurik, T., Wennekers, S. (2004), Entrepreneurship, Small Business and Economic Growth, Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 140-149.
29. ­ Todaro, M. (1985), Economic development in the Third World, Translator Gholamali Farjadi and Hamid Sohrabi, Planning and Budget Organization,Tehran, (in Persian).
30. ­ Unies, N. (2007). The Millennium Development Goals Report, UN.‌
31. ­ Urbano, D., Toledano, N., Soriano, D., (2010), Analyzing Social Entrepreneurship from an Enstitutional Perspective Evidence from Spain. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 54-69.
32. ­ Yadollahei, J., Razavi, M. (2012), Social Capital and Human Capital in the Youth Entrepreneurship in the Villages of the Karbal District, Journal of Human Geography Researches, No. 79, pp. 103-115, (in Persian).
33. ­ Yaghobi, A., Solaymani, A., Movahedi, R. (2014), Analysis of the Factors Affecting on the Entrepreneurship of Rural Women, journal of women s studies (Sociological, Psychological), No. 4, pp. 7-42, (in Persian).
34. ­ Zareh Ahmadabadi, H., Arabshaei, SH. (2011), Requirements Training of Rural Women's Entrepreneurship (Case: Rural women in Yazd), Journal of Shia Women, No. 26, pp. 49-71 (in Persian).
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

barghi H, Zolfaghari A A. Explaining Status of Entrepreneurship Indicators and Predicting Them in Rural Residences (Case Study: Ravansar Township). geores. 2018; 33 (1) :209-223
URL: http://georesearch.ir/article-1-23-en.html


Volume 33, Issue 1 (6-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3764