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GeoRes 2016, 31(3): 67-79 Back to browse issues page
Relearning from the Pre-planned Capital, Chandigar, for the future of Tehran
Mohamad Reza Pour Jafar *1, Ali Pour Jafar2
1- Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran , pourja_m@modares.ac.ir
2- Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Art & Arch ,Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran,Iran
Abstract:   (3527 Views)

Urban planning for Tehran is being done while a massive source of information, based on past ideas and experiments is available to us. Most of this information have been examined and tested through the course of history. But we have not been taking them into consideration. We have failed to learn from the long and turbulent history of urban planning and trial and error in this context. By looking at the history of some other cities as examples, we can achieve useful insights.When India and Pakistan were separated in 1947, and India lost Lahore city, the Indian government decided to build a new city as the capital of the state of Punjab. The plan for this city was first developed by the American architect Albert Mayer, and then by his assistant Matthew Nowicki. When Nowicki died, Mayer gave up the project. So P,L Werma was ordered to find a replacement by the prime minister Nehru. Werma chose the famous architect, Corbusier. Since Corbusier was one of the pioneers of modern architecture, this city could be considered the embodiment of modernist and rationalist thought in India.In this paper, we will review the history of urban planning and design. Then, the history of development of Chandigarh will be discussed.In conclusion, the advantages and disadvantages of this project, and how we can learn from them to improve urban planning for Tehran, will be analyzed.

Keywords: Rationalist thought, Relearning, Urban Planning, Chandigarh, Tehran.
Full-Text [PDF 980 kb]   (1009 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Urban Planning
Received: 2016/08/5 | Accepted: 2016/10/23 | Published: 2017/12/20
References
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Pour Jafar M R, Pour Jafar A. Relearning from the Pre-planned Capital, Chandigar, for the future of Tehran. GeoRes. 2016; 31 (3) :67-79
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