Volume 31, Issue 3 (2016)                   GeoRes 2016, 31(3): 67-79 | Back to browse issues page
Article Type:
Original Research |

Print XML Persian Abstract PDF HTML


How to cite this article
Pour Jafar M R, Pour Jafar A. Relearning from the Pre-planned Capital, Chandigar, for the future of Tehran. GeoRes 2016; 31 (3) :67-79
Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rights and permissions
1- Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran
2- Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Art & Arch ,Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran,Iran
Abstract   (4316 Views)

Urban planning for Tehran is being done while a massive source of information, based on past ideas and experiments is available to us. Most of this information have been examined and tested through the course of history. But we have not been taking them into consideration. We have failed to learn from the long and turbulent history of urban planning and trial and error in this context. By looking at the history of some other cities as examples, we can achieve useful insights.When India and Pakistan were separated in 1947, and India lost Lahore city, the Indian government decided to build a new city as the capital of the state of Punjab. The plan for this city was first developed by the American architect Albert Mayer, and then by his assistant Matthew Nowicki. When Nowicki died, Mayer gave up the project. So P,L Werma was ordered to find a replacement by the prime minister Nehru. Werma chose the famous architect, Corbusier. Since Corbusier was one of the pioneers of modern architecture, this city could be considered the embodiment of modernist and rationalist thought in India.In this paper, we will review the history of urban planning and design. Then, the history of development of Chandigarh will be discussed.In conclusion, the advantages and disadvantages of this project, and how we can learn from them to improve urban planning for Tehran, will be analyzed.


1. Baft-e-Shahr Consulting architects, planners, Urban and environment designers (2005), Urban Environmental Design of Velenjak River Valley, Region One of Tehran Municipality. (in Persian).
2. Besset, Maurice (1968), Review: Chandigarh by Norma Evenson, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 148-150.
3. Chandigarh administration (2015), Chandigarh master plan-2031 Department of Urban planning, Chandigarh, India.
4. Chandigarh Master Plan (2016), The Official website of The Chandigarh Administration,
5. Evenson. Norma, (1966) University of California, Berkeley College of Environmental Design University of California Press USA.
6. Gozineh Consulting engineers (2006), Urban Environmental Design of Golabdareh River Valley, Region One of Tehran Municipality. (in Persian).
7. Institution of Urban Development of Tehran (2007), Strategic structural development plan of Tehran, Ministry of roads and urban development, Tehran. (in Persian).
8. McHarg, Ian L. (1969), “Design with Nature”, USA.
9. Ministry of Housing and Urban Development (2006), Tehran urban research and planning center, combined institutions of master and detail plan of Tehran, brief report. (in Persian).
10. Parkash, Aditya (1980), Chandigarh; a Presentation in Free Verse, Chandigarh Administration, Bombay, pp. 47-50.
11. Pourjafar Mohammadreza, (1978), Private Archive of Photographs of Chandigarh, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran,. Iran. (in Persian).
12. Pourjafar, Mohammad Reza (1983), Precept & Performance of Neighbourhood Unit Sector 22, Chandigarh, B. Arch. Thesis Chandigarh College of Architecture, Chandigarh, India.
13. Pourjafar, Mohammad Reza (1986), Design Criteria for Town Center, Chandigarh, Phase3, M.U.D, Thesis, School of Planing and Architecture (SPA), New Delhi, India.
14. Pourjafar, Mohammad Reza, Bemanian, Mohammad Reza , Ansari, Mogtaba (2005) Planing And Design Criteria to Conserve River Valleys of Tehran, Case study: Darabad.
15. Pourjafar Mohammadreza, (2006), Project Report of Urban Environmental Design of Darabad River Valley, Region One of Tehran Municipality, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, I.R. Iran. (in Persian).
16. Pourjafar, Mohammad Reza, Adabkhah Mogtaba (2006), Morphology of Indigenous And Contemporary Urban spaces, Case study: Sector 17 Chandigarh Shahjahanabad in India, Proceedings of the third Great Asian Street Symposium, A Public Forum of Asian Urban Design.
17. Shojaee, Fatemeh, (2015), Evolution of Metropolitan Tehran Urban Development plans, (Aim, Objectives & Requirements) Municipality of Tehran, Tehran. (in Persian).
18. Short, R. John (2011), Urban Theory, a Critical Assessment, University of Tehran Press. (in Persian).
19. Sotude, Manouchehr, (1996), Geographical History of Shemiran, Study and Cultural Research Centre, Tehran, I.R. Iran. (in Persian).
20. Spreiregen, Paul, D. (1967), Urban Design –Architecture of Towns & Cities by Aia. (in Persian).

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author