Cities are often the place for population density and man-made phenomena. Therefore, lack of preparation to cope with earthquakes, could cause in extensive physical and financial damage. On the other hand, how people cope with, react to or overcome natural pressure or technological pressure, is related to the extent that a community can regroup after the occurrence of a major disaster. In this regard, reviewing the natural and structural resilience of urban land use is the necessity of this research. The overall objective of this study is to obtain the effective factors in the structural- natural resilience of urban land use and to determine the importance of each of these factors and evaluate them in the region 1 of Tehran. This is a Descriptive analytical research. The theoretical framework of the research was formed by collecting data through library research. In order to assess the natural- structural resilience of land use, criteria and sub-criteria were determined based on expert opinions and evaluation of the previous researches. Then pairwise comparison of indicators have been done by 15 faculty members and experts in the field of environmental planning, urban planning, rural and urban planning. Also in order to evaluate and reach a final review, methods of FAHP, geographic information systems (GIS), Idrisi and Topsis have been used. Finally, assessments showed that the average resiliency of region 1 of Tehran Municipality is equivalent to 0.78. Accordingly suggestions and strategies to improve the resilience of land uses in the studied area are presented.
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