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:: Volume 34, Issue 4 (2019) ::
GeoRes 2019, 34(4): 471-482 Back to browse issues page
Geopolitical Factors of Conflict between the Superpowers during Post-Cold War Era
Mohammad Taghi Bazgard1, Mohammad Reza Hafeznia *2, Seyed Masoud Mousavi Shafaee1, Elaheh Koulaei3
1- Department of International Relations, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran, Tarbiat modares
2- Department of Political Geography, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , mhafeznia2006@yahoo.com
3- Department of Regional Studies, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran, University of Tehran
Abstract:   (972 Views)
Aims & Backgrounds: The US and the Soviet Union led the east and the west camps during the cold war and the geopolitical order was laid on the foundation of the rivalries between these two superpowers. But, after the collapse of the bipolar system, the US became the undisputed power in the international arena and the geopolitical order underwent changes during three decades after that and the conflicts between the superpowers was continued. Based thereon, the current study aims at explaining the geopolitical structure after the cold war and the method of power distribution in the situation after the collapse of Soviet Union up to the present time.
Methodology: The present study makes use of a descriptive-analytical method using qualitative content analysis and reviewing literature and the theories presented through reasoning and inference to find answers to three key questions in line with perceiving the relations between the superpowers after the cold war. The method of data and information Collectionis library and documentary.
Findings: The present study will show that the world witnessed a geopolitical transition after cold war and that no power is in a hegemonic position currently and the world is bearing witness to a spectrum of unipolar, bipolar and multipolar fluid powers. The conflict between the superpowers can be explained based on subjective and objective geopolitical factors.
Conclusion: Powers have chosen such strategies as withdrawal, bandwagoning and, balance of power which is including soft and hard in respect to one another according to the type of conflicts
Keywords: Geopolitics, Superpowers, Geopolitical Transition, Conflict, Balance of Power, Post-Cold War
Full-Text [PDF 623 kb]   (306 Downloads)    
Article Type: Descriptive & Survey | Subject: Political geography
Received: 2019/04/13 | Accepted: 2019/09/23 | Published: 2020/02/25
* Corresponding Author Address: Tarbiat modares
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Bazgard M T, Hafeznia M R, Mousavi Shafaee S M, Koulaei E. Geopolitical Factors of Conflict between the Superpowers during Post-Cold War Era. GeoRes. 2019; 34 (4) :471-482
URL: http://georesearch.ir/article-1-726-en.html

Volume 34, Issue 4 (2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal
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