زمان پاسخگویی تنها روزهای زوج ساعت 8 الی 10 صبح -Response time only pairs at 8-10 AM 

   [Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: About :: Main :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 33, Issue 1 (6-2018) ::
geores 2018, 33(1): 224-237 Back to browse issues page
An Inquiry into the Recognition of Spatial Contexts of Centralization Governance System Acceptability in Iran’s Political Culture in Recent Century
Ehsan Lashgari Tafreshi Dr
Assistance Professor, Department of Political Geography Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (171 Views)
Political culture is one important topic in sociology, history, political science. However, the political culture as a human phenomenon, not only influenced by geographical environment and its political geographic position. But also, natural and human Geographical features effects on culture and ideology characteristics in any nation. natural features phenomenon in geographical spatial such political topics basically react from physical and humanity of geographical aspects. In this regard, Iranian political culture studies show the centralized governance has more grass root organization in political culture of Iran. This paper seeks to answer the question: “what factors are of centralize and negative mentality about foreign powers in Iran?” In this paper with rely on descriptive –analytical approaches were studied that geographical basics source of two major traits, inclusive negative mentality to foreign powers and faithfulness to centralization structure. Finding research reveals that Incommensurate distribution of natural resource such as water, productive soil has been caused that only centralized state could be managed this inappropriate situation. From another side, Existence Fossil source in Iran has been caused that foreign powers rivaled for accessing to it. Therefore, Iran's political culture is ruling pro-independence and becoming the undisputed military power has always been pursued in earnest by the various governments. Also, in most oil-rich countries especially in the Middle East, including Iran, more than 50 percent of state revenues directly achieved from the sale of oil and sources of income in the hands of the state as a powerful tool, allows extension of state political power and limits the power of private institutions and social structures. In the cultural geography of Iran, the religion and governance system hs always been a great combination. So, In the Iranian political culture based on the integration of religion with power the distribute political power in space and greater role by private institutions is not possible.
© 2018 Geographical Researches
Keywords: Political culture, Centralization, Geography, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 624 kb]   (93 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Political geography
Received: 2018/01/20 | Accepted: 2018/06/19 | Published: 2018/06/19
References
1. Abrahamian, E., Ashraf, A., Katouzeyan, H. (2007), Advertising About Plot in Iran, Translated by and Edited by Mohmmad Fatahie, Tehran, Ney Pub (in Persian)
2. ­ Afzali, R. (2008), Cultural Geography of Territorial State in Iran, Human Geography Research Quarterly, Vol.50, No. 66, pp. 35-52.
3. ­ Ahmadi, H. (2010), Ethnic and Ethnicity in Iran, Eighth Pub (in Persian).
4. ­ Ahmadipour, Z., Ghanbari, Gh., Karami (2010), Political Organization of Space, Tehran, Geographical Army Pub. (in Persian).
5. ­ Alam, A. (2004), Foundations of Political science, Tehran, Ney Pub. (in Persian).
6. ­ Aleghafour, M.T (2001), The Origins of Contemporary Iranian Political Culture, Political Science Quarterly, Fourth year, No. 16. (in Persian).
7. ­ Altaei, A. (1999), Crisis of Ethnic Identity in Iran, second edition, Tehran,Shadegan Pub. (in Persian)
8. ­ Amirahmadi, H., Parvin, M. (2002), Iran After Revolution, Translated by Ali Morshedizadeh, Tehran, Recognition of Islam and Iran Pub. (in Persian)
9. ­ Azami, H., Zarghani, H., Hamidi, M. (2014), The Structure of Political Power in Iranian Ancient, Geopolitics Quarterly (in Persian).
10. ­ Azghandi, A. (2006), Introduction to the Sociology of Iran, Tehran, Ghoomes Pub. (in Persian).
11. ­ Bay, Y. (2009), The Historical Geopolitics of Iran‬, Tehran, Cultural Research Institute (in Persian)
12. ­ Beeman, W. (2002), Language Status and Power in Iran, Translated by Reza Moghadamkia, Tehran, Ney Pub. (in Persian)
13. ­ Cameroon, G. (1986), Iran at the Dawn of History, Translated by Hassan Anousheh, Tehran, Scientific Cooperation pub. (in Persian)
14. ­ Dalby, S. (2014), Imperialism, Domination, Culture the Continued Relevance of Critical Geopolitics, Geopolitics Journal, DOI: 10/1080/14650048.281.
15. ­ Ealm, M.R (2008), Iranian Political Culture Portion of the Parties’ Instability, Tehran, Nikfarjam Pub. (in Persian).
16. ­ Fuller, G. (2001), Iran's Geopolitical World Qibla, third edition, Tehran, Central Pub [in Persian]
17. ­ Garthwaite, G. (1999), Political History of Iran, The Persians, Translated by Golamreza Babaie, Tehran, Akhtaran Danesh Pub. (in Persian).
18. ­ Ghaleebaf, M.B. (2011), Distribution of oil Revenue and Political Power in Iran, Geopolitics Quarterly, Vol. 17, No. 2. (in Persian).
19. ­ Habermas, J. (2001), The Post National Constellation, Political Essays, Trans, by Max Pensky, London, NewYork, Polity Pub.
20. ­ Hafeznia, M.R. (2002), Political Geography of Iran, Tehran, SAMT Pub. (in Persian)
21. ­ Hafeznia, M.R., Ahmadypour, Z., Ghaderi, M. (2010), Politic and Space Mashhad, Papoli Pub. (in Persian)
22. ­ Hafeznia, M.R., Alahverdyzadeh, R. (2009), Relationship Between Centered Political System and National Solidarity, Case study: Iran, Political Science Bulletin, Vol. 15, No. 1. (in Persian)
23. ­ Heshmatzadeh, M.B., Hagheiyuosefei, A.M., Talebi, M.A. (2017), Examining the Barriers to Good Governance in Iran's Political Culture, Contemporary Political Research Quarterly, Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1. pp 1-24.
24. ­ Issawi, Ch. (1983), The Economic History of Iran 1800 – 1914, Translated by Yaghoub Ajand, Tehran, Gostareh Pub. (in Persian).
25. ­ Kamali, M. (2002), Revolutionary Iran Civil Society and State in the Modernization Process‬, Tehran, Recognition Center of Islam and Iran Pub. (in Persian).
26. ­ Kamrava, M. (2009), Contemporary Middle East, Translated by Mohammad Bagher, Ghaleebaf, Tehran, Ghoomes Pub. (in Persian).
27. ­ Karimipour, Y. (2002), Iran's Neighbors are Sources of Tension and Threat, Tehran, Tarbiat Moalem University Pub. (in Persian).
28. ­ Kasraei, M.S. (2010), Homeland Rule Governance and Legitimacy in Ancient Iran, Politics Quarterly, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 189- 208. (in Persian).
29. ­ Katouzian, M.H. (1998), Nine essays on Iran's Historical Sociology oil, Economic Development‬‭‬, Translated by Alireza Teyeb, Tehran, Markaz Pub. (in Persian).‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬
30. ­ Kavyanirad, M. (2010), Regionalism in Iran from the Geopolitical Perspective, Tehran, Research Institute for Strategic Studies Pub. (in Persian)
31. ­ Kavyanirad, M. (2013), Electoral Geography, Tehran, Tarbiat Moalem University Pub. (in Persian)
32. ­ Kazemi, A. (2003), The Crisis of Modernity and Political Culture in Iran, Tehran, Ghoomes Pub. (in Persian).
33. ­ Lorimer, H. (2008), Cultural Geography Non- Representational Condition and Concerns Progress in Human Geography, DOI: 10.1177/0309132507086882.
34. ­ Luciani, J. (2007), Oil and Political Economy of Middle Easter, Proceeding of International Relation in the Middle Easter, Edited by Louis Fawst Translated by Mohsen Alavipour, Tehran, Foreign Minister Politic and International Pub. (in Persian).
35. ­ Masoudnia, H., Mahdavipour, A. (2010), Tribal Political Culture and Political Participation in Ilam province, Political and International Approaches Journal, No. 26. (in Persian).
36. ­ Mirhydar, D., Zakie, Gh. (2002), Feasibility Study of the Regional Political System in Iran, Geographical Research Quarterly, No. 42. pp. 49-64 (in Persian).
37. ­ Mirtorabi, S. (2008), Iranian oil Issues, Tehran, Ghoomes Pub. (in Persian)
38. ­ Mosalanejad, A. (2014), Policy Power Structure in Iran, Third Edition, Tehran, Tehran University Pub. (in Persian).
39. ­ Mosavi, Sh., Shahpouri, M. (2011), High Risk Geopolitics of Iran, Strategic Studies Qurterly, No. 54, pp. 164- 192. (in Persian).
40. ­ Motei, L. (2005), Iranian Economical Geographical, Mashhad, Jahad University Pub (in Persian)
41. ­ Naghibzadeh, A. (2011), Introduction in Political Sociology, Tehran, SAMT Pub. (in Persian).
42. ­ Nazariyan, A. (2012), Dynamics of Iran Urban System, Tehran, Mobtakeran Pub. (in Persian).
43. ­ Pay, L. (1991), Political Culture and Political Development, Cultural Letter Quarterly, Translated by Majid Mohamadi, Vol. 2, pp.37-47 (in Persian).
44. ­ Rabbani, A., Shayegan, F. (2010), Iran's Political Culture and its Components, Politics Quartely, Vol. 4, No. 4. (in Persian).
45. ­ Sadarabady, Kh. (2007), Modern Absolute State and Lack of Formation the Political Development in Iran, Proceedings of Modern State in Iran, Edited by Rasoul Afzali, Qom, Mofeed Uni. Pub. (in Persian).
46. ­ Salehi Amiri, R. (2006), Management Ethnic Clashes in Iran, Second Publisher, Tehran, Strategic for Research Center Pub. (in Persian).
47. ­ Sariolghalam, M. (1996), The Importance of Research in Political Science and International Relations, Political - Economy Information Monthly, Vol. 10, No. 107-108. (in Persian).
48. ­ Sariolghalam, M. (2010), Political Culture of Iran, Tehran, Farzan Rouz Pub. (in Persian).
49. ­ Satari, S. (2013), Transition Cycle in Political and Social on Iran, Political Studies Journal, No. 22, pp 1-22. (in Persian).
50. ­ Seinaei, V., Mozafaripour, Z. (2013), Oil Revenues Reproduction of Obedience Political Culture and Authoritarianism in Iran, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 89-116. (in Persian).
51. ­ Shabani, R. (2011), Sociology History of Iran, Tehran, Ghoomes Pub. (in Persian).
52. ­ Shakouie, H. (2005), Environmental Philosophy and Geographical Schools, Tehran, Gitashenasi Pub. Vol. 2. (in Persian).
53. ­ Sharif, M. R. (2002), Quiet Revolution, Introduction to the Transformation of Political Culture in Iran, Tehran, Rouzaneh Pub. (in Persian).
54. ­ Shehabi, H. E, Linz, J. (2001), Sultanistic Regimes, Translated by Manouchehr Sabouri, Tehran, Shirazeh Pub. (in Persian).
55. ­ Sheroudi, M. (2008), Focus and Political Development in Contemporary Iranian History, Islamic Reveloution Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 13. (in Persian)
56. ­ Skacpol, T. (1996), Rentier State and Shite Islam in the Iranian Revolution, in Social Revolution in Modern world (eds), Cambridge Uni Pub.
57. ­ Zibakalam, S. (1999), Conspiracy Theory, Tehran, khojasteh Pub. (in Persian).
58. ­ Zonis, M. (2008), The Political Elite Psychology of Iran, Translated by Parviz Salehi, Solyman Aminzadeh, Zahra Lebadi, Tehran, Chapbakhsh Pub. (in Persian).
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Lashgari Tafreshi E. An Inquiry into the Recognition of Spatial Contexts of Centralization Governance System Acceptability in Iran’s Political Culture in Recent Century . geores. 2018; 33 (1) :224-237
URL: http://georesearch.ir/article-1-309-en.html


Volume 33, Issue 1 (6-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3742