زمان پاسخگویی تنها روزهای زوج ساعت 8 الی 10 صبح 

   [Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: About :: Main :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 33, Issue 2 (9-2018) ::
geores 2018, 33(2): 108-126 Back to browse issues page
Urban System in Islamic Countries of Central Asia
Rahimberdi Annamoradnejad *
Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mazandaran University Babolsar, Iran
Abstract:   (253 Views)
Introduction and Background: The countries of Central Asia, which include the republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, are among the nations of the world less well-known because of being placed behind the 74-year-old of the Soviet bloc.
Aims:The purpose of this article, while getting acquainted with these countries, is to study the adaptive urban system in these countries.
Methodology: This research method was of descriptive-analytic type. For this purpose, the population of the cities of the mentioned countries was obtained from the latest statistics from different sources. Using the Mehta index, the severity of the existence of the primary city phenomenon and with the help of the rank-size model, the distribution of population at the city level was examined and also the Herfindal Index, to determine the level of urban concentration. Finally, the standard score method (z.score) was used to summarize the status of countries.
Conclusion: The results indicate that these countries have a low urban population and Kazakhstan is the highest with 55% and Tajikistan has the lowest urban population with 26%. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan have the largest number of cities. The two natural factors of mountains and deserts were a major obstacle to the formation and concentration of urban populations. Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan has shown the best situation in the application of the standard score method and Kyrgyzstan have the worst situation. The Rank-size model has also shown a higher correlation between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
Keywords: Urban System, Primate City, Rank-size Model, Herfindal-Index, Central Asia
Full-Text [PDF 1395 kb]   (103 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Urban Planning
Received: 2017/10/4 | Accepted: 2018/08/26 | Published: 2018/09/17
References
1. Asayesh, H., & Estelaji, A. (2003). Regional planning principles and methods (models, techniques and techniques) (First ed.). Ray: Islamic Azad University Press. (Persian)
2. Atlas of the World Including Geography Facts and Flags. (2017). Retrieved from www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/kz.htm
3. Bergne, P. (2007). Birth of Tajikistan: National identity and the origins of the republic. New York: IB Tauris & Co Itd.
4. Central Intelligence Agency. (2014). Kazakhstan. In The World Factbook 2013-14. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ba.html
5. Charmi, D. (1996). Uzbekistan, collection of issues of countries and international organizations, (First ed. Vol. 67). Tehran: Political Affairs and International Affairs Office of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (Persian)
6. Farhoudi, R., & Zanganeh Shahraki, S. (2009). How to spatial distribution of population in the urban system of Iran during 1956 to 2006. Human Geography Research, 41(68), 55-68. (Persian)
7. Frye, R. (1969). Bukhara: The medieval achievement (M. Mahmoudi, Trans.). Tehran: Translating and Publishing Agency. (Persian)
8. Ganji, M. H. (1990). A corner of the central Asian geography. Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal, 17, 5-18. (Persian)
9. Haugen, A. (2004). The establishment of national republics in soviet Central Asia, United States. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.
10. Institute for International Energy Studies. (2017). Retrieved from http://www.iies.org
11. KazakhstanInformation. (2017). Retrieved from www.kazakinfo.com
12. Mirheydar, D. (1993). Central Asian developments. Journal of Growth of Geography Education, 9(35), 12-24. (Persian)
13. Montazemi, R. (1995). Tajikistan, dialogue of nations and international organizations (First ed. Vol. 46). Tehran: Political and International Affairs Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (Persian)
14. National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. (2017). Rahmati, M. (2010). Attitudes toward the resurrection of the Sharik Ben Sheikh al-Mahri. Journal of Historical Researches, 46(4), 79-105. (Persian)
15. Report "Socio-economic Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan". (2018). Retrieved from http://stat.gov.kz/faces/wcnav_externalId/publicationsSocialDevelopment;jsessionid=mIGamfBohtHvw
16. Sarlly, A. M. (2000). Turkmenistan, dialogue of nations and international organizations (Second ed. Vol. 62). Tehran: Department of Political and International Studies of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (Persian)
17. Turkmenistan State Statistical Committee. (2017). Retrieved from http://www.stat.gov.tm/en/usulyet-en/2017-njy-yl-in-statistika-brilerini-sanawy-en/
18. Varharam, Q. R. (1992). The historical process of cultural geography in Central Asia. Geographical Research, 25, 5-28. (Persian)
19. World Bank Group. (2017). International development, poverty, & sustainability. Retrieved from www.worldbank.org
20. Zadneprovsky, Y. A. (1995). Early urban developments in Central Asia. Iran, Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies, 33(1), 155-159.
21. Zebardast, E. (2007). A survey of urban first developments in Iran. Honar-Ha-Ye-Ziba, 29, 29-38. (Persian)
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Annamoradnejad R. Urban System in Islamic Countries of Central Asia. geores. 2018; 33 (2) :108-126
URL: http://georesearch.ir/article-1-239-en.html


Volume 33, Issue 2 (9-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3781