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GeoRes 2021, 36(4): 391-406 Back to browse issues page
Spatial Justice Analysis on the Access of Vulnerable Groups to Neighborhood Parks in Urmia
K. Safari1, A. Abdollahzadeh Taraf 2, MS. Moosavi1, M. Faramarzi Asl1
1- Department of Urban Development, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2- Department of Urban Development, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran , taraf_1981@iaut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1359 Views)
Aims: Neighborhood parks are among the urban green spaces that, due to the psychological pressures of the residents of the neighborhoods, always play an active role in invigorating urban neighborhoods and creating a fun urban life, and from a social justice perspective, should be accessible to all members of society. The aim of this study was to investigate the access of vulnerable groups to neighborhood parks.
Methodology: The present descriptive study was conducted in 2020 with the study of the spatial and spatial distribution of parks and local green spaces in Urmia. By face-to-face reference, land use information was collected by the Deputy of Urban Planning and Architecture of Urmia Municipality in 2020, and detailed results of the general population and housing census of 2016 in Urmia were collected. The required data was entered into ARCGIS10.3 software. The spatial and spatial distribution of neighborhood parks in the city of Urmia was studied and the methods of the center and standard deviation elliptical distribution (the average center of neighborhood parks and how to stretch their distribution), the nearest neighborhood index (to determine Neighborhood parks distribution model) and kernel density estimation model (to determine the density of neighborhood parks) were used in ArcGIS 10.3 software. In the final stage, using the Mabak model, the 15 districts of Urmia were ranked in terms of vulnerable groups having neighborhood parks.
Findings: About 37% of the population of vulnerable groups in Urmia were covered by neighborhood parks and among vulnerable groups, about 44% of the elderly population had good access to neighborhood parks. In general, among the vulnerable groups in Urmia, the elderly, unemployed, and women with the best conditions, as well as immigrants, children, and illiterates were in a worse situation than other groups, respectively. In addition, the distribution of neighborhood parks in Urmia was clustered and the focus shifted to the eastern (new texture) and central (old texture) areas. The results of the Mabak ranking showed that District 1 of Region 1 (score: 0.672997) had the first rank of its vulnerable groups in neighborhood parks and District 3 of Region 2 (score: -0.327) also had the last rank of having.
Conclusion: In the city of Urmia, the per capita local green space is low, and at the same time, the improper distribution of neighborhood parks so that many people in the community, especially vulnerable groups do not have proper access to these services.
Keywords: |Spatial Justice|Neighborhood Parks|Vulnerable Groups|Urmia ,
Full-Text [PDF 2499 kb]   (127 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Urban Planning
Received: 2021/05/22 | Accepted: 2021/08/22 | Published: 2021/12/21
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Safari K, Abdollahzadeh Taraf A, Moosavi M, Faramarzi Asl M. Spatial Justice Analysis on the Access of Vulnerable Groups to Neighborhood Parks in Urmia. GeoRes. 2021; 36 (4) :391-406
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