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GeoRes 2021, 36(2): 173-189 Back to browse issues page
Explanation of Child-Friendly City Principles with the attitude of the Urban Environment Improvement using Delphi Method in District 2 of Tehran
K. Ziari *1, M. Sarraf2, A. Poorahmad3, R. Farhoudi3
1- Department of Urban Geography, Faculty of Geography, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran , zayyari@ut.ac.ir
2- Department of Behavioral Social Sciences, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Kish, Iran
3- Department of Urban Geography, Faculty of Geography, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4267 Views)
Aims: Given the importance of the issue of children in the city and their living context, it is necessary to plan and design healthy and safe urban environments for this future generation. According to the recent studies, it is needed to clarify the local criteria and indicators of a child-friendly city with a focus on the improvement of the environment and providing a conceptual framework to evaluate main priorities. This study aimed to explain the optimal local structure of a child-friendly city to improve the quality of urban spaces and to provide the needed criteria and indicators for evaluating the child-friendly cities in urban spaces by considering the concept of recreation and entertainment in District 2 of Tehran.
Methodology: the current research is analytical-descriptive and is considered as a development-applied evaluation in terms of its purpose. The data were collected through desk studies and a survey. According to the type of the problem and the purpose of this study, the urban area scale was proposed. Considering the extracted dimensions and indicators, a questionnaire was handed out in a group of 384 households randomly using a researcher-made method with 95% confidence. SPSS software was used for the statistical analysis. Some variables and the research framework were explained by elites and experts in this field using the Delphi method. Then, they were analyzed to determine the level of criteria for weighting and the relative importance of the effective components. Finally, using GIS maps and geographical explanation, the final indicators were classified into four groups using the method of zoning of urban blocks, structural measurement, and the average of the whole city by natural failure method in each index of urban blocks.
Findings: The results show that there are child-unfriendly zones in the central, southern, and even northern parts of district 2 of Tehran that cover the main cores of activity.
Conclusion: the urban fabric, access, land use, and relevant layers are influential in the friendliness of the city for children and affect their life quality on small scale.
Keywords: Child , Child-Friendly City , Urban Environment , Urban lock , Tehran District 2 ,
Full-Text [PDF 1481 kb]   (52 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Urban Planning
Received: 2020/11/16 | Accepted: 2021/01/14 | Published: 2021/06/16
* Corresponding Author Address: Floor 5, No 1, Faculty of Geography, Azin Alley, Vesal Street, Tehran, Iran. Postal Code:1417853933
English Expanded Abstract [HTML 18 KB]  (1 Download)
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Ziari K, Sarraf M, Poorahmad A, Farhoudi R. Explanation of Child-Friendly City Principles with the attitude of the Urban Environment Improvement using Delphi Method in District 2 of Tehran. GeoRes. 2021; 36 (2) :173-189
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