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GeoRes 2021, 36(3): 275-284 Back to browse issues page
Application of Remote Sensing in Assessing Land Use Changes in Haraz Watershed
S. Mola Aghajanzadeh *1, K. Soleymani2, M. Habibnejad3, A. Kavyan2, M. Rahmani4
1- Department of Watershed Management, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran , aghajanzadeh.geo@gmail.com
2- Department of Watershed Management, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran
3- Department of Watershed Management, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran, Babolsar, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Mazandaran
4- Department of Environmental Sciences, Mazandaran University, Sari, Iran
Abstract:   (268 Views)
Aims: Land-use change due to human activities is one of the important issues in regional and development planning. The aim of this study was to detect land-use changes using Landsat TM, ETM+, IRS and ASTER satellite imagery.
Methodology: In this quasi-experimental study, land-use changes in the Haraz watershed over a 23-year period were evaluated. For this study, images of 1992 TM, ETM + 2002, and IRS and 2015 ASTER of Landsat satellite were used, and after performing the necessary actions in the preprocessing stage, a supervised classification and change detection map was prepared. Idrisi Andes, ArcGIS, ENVI, Edrisi Andes, and Statistica software were used. Also, to check the significance of the changes, the chi-square test was used in SPSS software.
Findings: The overall accuracy and Kappa coefficient were 0.84 and 0.79 for TM, 0.86 and 0.80 for ETM+, and 0.95 and 0.90 for IRS results respectively. The results showed that rangelands, forest, agricultural lands, and water-covered areas had converted to garden regions, building zone, and no vegetation. The results showed that 2.21%, 1.29%, and 7.01% increased in garden regions, building zone and no vegetation and 5.06%, 4.50% and 0.85% decreased in rangelands, forest, and agricultural lands during 23 years, also water-covered areas decreased.
Conclusion: The land use classes in the Haraz watershed have changed a lot during the time series 1992-2015. During this period, the area of natural lands (forests and pastures) with a rate of change of about 828 hectares per year and the same amount has been added to the area of the garden and residential lands.
Keywords: Change Detection , Land Use , Remote Sensing , Supervised Classification , Haraz Watershed ,
Full-Text [PDF 855 kb]   (65 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: GIS
Received: 2020/08/31 | Accepted: 2021/04/22 | Published: 2021/09/21
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Watershed Management, Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, Iran
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Mola Aghajanzadeh S, Soleymani K, Habibnejad M, Kavyan A, Rahmani M. Application of Remote Sensing in Assessing Land Use Changes in Haraz Watershed. GeoRes. 2021; 36 (3) :275-284
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