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:: Volume 35, Issue 2 (2020) ::
geores 2020, 35(2): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Investigating and Identifying Sustainable Development Patterns in Indigenous Iranian Architecture (Case study: Semnan wind-catchers)
Tayebeh Valian1, SEYED MAJID MOFIDI SHEMIRANI *2, Mahnaz Mahmoodi1
1- IAU
2- iust , S_m_mofidi@iust.ac.ir
Abstract:   (805 Views)
Aims & Backgrounds: The aim of this study is to identify the typology of wind-catchers in Semnan province as an example of traditional architecture based on sustainable development patterns.
Methodology: This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of methodology, which has been done through library and field harvesting. Data research and analysis has been a combination of both qualitative and quantitative methods. First, 37 items were selected as the main samples and evaluated based on the five evaluation indicators. In these perceptions, the selected building and especially the wind-catchers of the building were carefully examined and its maps were drawn accurately and then by examining and comparing the obtained maps, different types of wind-catchers were placed in separate categories according to the similarity and differences.
Findings: the results showed that 10.8% of wind deflectors are two-way and 89.2% are four-way. Surveillance of wind-catchers in the plan shows that all wind-catchers surveyed are related to the hall; 45.9% of the wind-catchers are located in the symmetry axis of the hall and 54.1% are located in the corner of the hall. Examination of the windshield plan showed that 29.7% of the windshields had a square plan and 70.3% had a rectangular plan. The results showed that 40.5% of wind-catchers serve only the ground floor and do not reach the basement, while 59.5% serve the basement. Also, 27% have a square shelf, 46% have a vertical rectangular shelf and 27% have windshields with a horizontal rectangular shelf. The western half of the province has more wind-catchers than the eastern and northern half.
Conclusion: By applying the principles of traditional architecture in line with the climate, it is possible to meet some of today's architectural needs such as air conditioning and optimal energy consumption.
Keywords: Wind-catchers, sustainable architecture, natural ventilation, native architecture, Semnan province
     
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/04/23 | Accepted: 2020/05/17 | Published: 2020/05/19
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valian T, MOFIDI SHEMIRANI S M, mahmoodi M. Investigating and Identifying Sustainable Development Patterns in Indigenous Iranian Architecture (Case study: Semnan wind-catchers). geores. 2020; 35 (2)
URL: http://georesearch.ir/article-1-877-en.html


Volume 35, Issue 2 (2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal
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