:: Volume 34, Issue 3 (2019) ::
geores 2019, 34(3): 413-425 Back to browse issues page
Role of the Place on Information and Communication Technology Effectiveness on Women’s Gender Identity; a Case Study of Ahvaz City, Iran
Nahid Sajjadian *1, Morteza Nemati2, Forough Gashtil2
1- Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran , n.sajadian@yahoo.com
2- Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (1076 Views)
Aims & Backgrounds: Gender geographers suggest that the formation of sexual identity is made through place differences. On the other hand ICT with an international world full of unlimited resources is competing with traditional and environmental resources in formation of women’s sexual identity through modernism. Women in Ahvaz like other women in the world are not excluded and are challenging selecting their sexual identity through thousands of traditional and modern resources.
Methodology: This study is in the year 2017 trying to find out that today women’s sexual identity in different neighborhoods of This City is influenced by which resource and how does place or information technology and communication effect on their sexual identity. The nature of this study is applied -theoretical and its method is descriptive – analytical. The basis of this study is the Field of behavioral and gender geography. The data collection method is a researcher made questionnaire and it’s statistical Society are women over the age of 15 in Kianpars, Golestan, Manbaab neighborhoods
Findings: The results of various statistical tests such as Anova,Ttest, Tukey,… showed that the impact of information and communication technology on the sexual identity of women in the neighborhood is not the same and does not follow a specific pattern.But the place variable in this field acts as a moderator variable.Women’s sexual identity is more oriented towards modernity in places of higher levels of development (Kianpars).In second level neighborhoods (Golestan) women’s sexual identity does not show a dominant tendency towards modern or traditional and it is measured at the intermediate level and a combination of these two.But invert level places (Manba Ab) women’s sexual identity tents to oriented weakly towards being traditional.
Conclusion: Spatial values affect women's gender identity building. And the place plays a moderating role in the impact of women on ICT.
Keywords: Place, Gender Identity, ICT, Gender Geography, Ahvaz
Full-Text [PDF 611 kb]   (305 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Urban Planning
Received: 2019/05/4 | Accepted: 2019/08/14 | Published: 2019/09/7
1. Abassi Ghaderi M, Khalili Kashani M (2013). The effect of the internet on national identity. Tehran: Strategic Studies Research Center. [Persian]
2. Ahmadzadeh Kermani R (2011). Rethinking in culture and media. Tehran: Chapar. [Persian]
3. Adlipoor S (2013). Sociological explanation of the consequences of virtual social networks on the social identity of Isfahan [dissertation]. Isfahan: Isfahan University. [Persian]
4. Afsharkhan J, Rezaei Karmajani M (2017). Investigating the role of social identity in determining the lifestyle of young people case study: Hamadan City. Quarterly Journal of Social Sciences. 4(1):157-188. [Persian]
5. Ahmadi S, Aghili V, MehdiZadeh M, Mozafari A (2015). Media and reproduction of women's gender identity case study: Representation of women's gender identity in"Zamaneh "and" Tekieh bar bad. Quarterly Journal of Communication Research. 22(81):35-56. [Persian]
6. Bigdeli Z, Sharifi S (2008). An introduction to the concept of location. Journal of Library and Information Science. 11(4):239-254. [Persian]
7. Bostan H (2009). Islam and gender differences. Qom: Howzwh and University Research Institute.
8. Bastani S, Mousainejad P (2013). Gender identity of men and women in Tehran metropolitan area. Journal of Social and Psychological Studies of Women. 11(2):29-54. [Persian]
9. Behnam J (2012). Iranians and Modern Thought. 4th ed. Tehran: Farzan Roz.
10. Damanbagh S (2013). Geographic analysis selected indicators of urban quality of life case study: Kianpars, Golestan, and Ameri neighborhoods [dissertation]. Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. [Persian]
11. Deputy of Planning and Development of Ahvaz Municipalities (2018). Ahvaz Municipality Statistics. [Persian]
12. Flint C (2006). Introduction to Geopolitics. New York: Routledge. [DOI:10.4324/9780203503768]
13. Ghanavati T (2013). Geographic analysis of social inequalities in Ahvaz (Case Study: Shahrak Naft, Golestan, Hassirabad) [dissertation]. Ahvaz: Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. [Persian]
14. Ghanbari A (2015). Geography and place identity in the age of globalization. Quarterly Journal of Geographical Research. 29(112):161-192. [Persian]
15. Grewal M (2017). Mass media and the reconfiguration of gender identities: The Bharatiya Nari in the United States. Gender Technology and Development. 7(1):53-73. [DOI:10.1177/097185240300700103]
16. Gregory D, Janston R, Pratt G, Watts MJ, Watts S, editors (2000). The dictionary of human geography. 5th ed. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.
17. Giddens A (2012). Gender Sociology. (Sabouri M: Translator). Tehran: Ney. [Persian]
18. Giddens A (1992). Modernity and self-Identity, self and society in the late modern age. Cambridge: Polity Press.
19. Hekman S (2007). Identity crises, identity, identity politics, and beyond. Journal of Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. 2(1):3-26. [DOI:10.1080/13698239908403266]
20. Hafez Nia MR, Ahmadipour Z, Qaderi Hajat M (2008). Politics and Space. Mashhad: Papoli. [Persian]
21. Hafez Nia MR (2009). Introduction to Research Methods in the Humanities. Tehran: Samt. [Persian]
22. Hatami MR, Mazhabi S (2011) Media and women's attitudes to their gender identity. Journal of Iranian Cultural Researches. 4(2):185-209. [Persian]
23. Hemati R, Aslani S (2015). Effective factors of students' academic identity formation with emphasis on the role of the internet. Quarterly Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education. 31(3):121-149. [Persian]
24. Henson J, Narula A (2009). New communication technologies in developing countries. Heydari D, translator. Tehran: Media Studies Research Center. [Persian]
25. Jackson C (1993). Doing what comes naturally? Women and environment in development. World Development. 21(12):1947-1963. [DOI:10.1016/0305-750X(93)90068-K]
26. Jay Dunn R (2005). The social critique of postmodernism. (Translator: Saleh Najafi). Tehran: Pardis Danesh.
27. Jenkins R (2012). Social identity. 4th ed. New York: Routledge.
28. Khajeh Noori B, Parnian L, Hemmat S (2016). The relationship between lifestyle and social identity case study: Young people Bandar Abbas. Journal of Cultural Iranian Research. 7(1):69-94. [Persian]
29. Khani F (2007). In the field of gender geography. Tehran: Samt. [Persian]
30. Mohammadi Asl A (2011). Gender and geography. Tehran: Golazin. [Persian]
31. Movahed A, Zarifi K (2011). Investigating the socio-economic dimensions of the eighth marginal area of Ahvaz. The First Urban Economics Conference of Iran. Tehran. [Persian]
32. Mehdizadeh M, Tofighi M (2006). Presentation relationship in virtual space and modern identity. Journal of Resaneh (Media). 26(3):179-200. [Persian]
33. Nemati M (2011). Transformation of space-time concepts in the information society; the necessity of reviewing the fundamental geographical information systems. Journal of Information and Communication Technology of Iran. 1(1):44-56. [Persian]
34. Nikkhah Ghamsari N, Mansourian Ravandi F (2016). Research of relationship between virtual space and gender identity case study of Internet Users in Kashan City. Journal of Media Studies. 9(27): 107-120. [Persian]
35. Oraki P (2015). Geographical analysis of factors influencing social security from the viewpoint of citizens; case study of Izeh City [dissertation]. Ahvaz: Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. [Persian]
36. Papoli Yazdi MH, Sahaghi M (2002). Tradition, modernity, reviewing an article: Geography is Human Interaction, Culture, Technology, Management, and Environment. Quarterly Journal of Geographical Research. 17(3-2):8-31. [Persian]
37. Persian Language and Literature Academy (2018). Word Dictionary Group. "Farsi. Second Office. Culture Dictionary Approved by the Academy. Tehran: Persian Language and Literature Academy. [Persian]
38. Link:
39. Seyfollahi S, Razeghian A (2008). Social factors affecting women's gender identity in Iran; case study: Tehran. Journal of Social Sciences Research. 2(3):27-54. [Persian]
40. Rezapour D, Chenani Nasab H, Bagheri R (2016). Investigating the relationship between socialization and gender identity case study: female students of payam noor Dezful university. Journal of Woman in Culture and Art. 8(3):333-348. [Persian]
41. Sadeghi Givi M, Parhizkari B (2010). Explaining the components of the traditional and modern women's identity in poetry Parvin Etesami. Journal of Farsi Language and Literature. 3(20):207-227. [Persian]
42. Taban M, Pour Jafar M, Pourmand H (2013). Identity and location, phenomenological approach. HOVIATESHAHR. 6(10):79-90. [Persian]
43. Varmaghani H, Sultanzadeh H, Mizan Dehbashi S (2015). The relationship between gender and space in the private and general areas of the Qajar period. BAGH-E NAZAR. 12(37):29-40. [Persian]
44. Lorber J (2000). Using gender to undo gender: A feminist degendering movement. Journal of Feminist Theory. 1(1):79-95. [DOI:10.1177/14647000022229074]
45. Malesevic S, Haugaard M, editors (2002). Making Sense of Collectivity, Ethnicity, Nationalism and Globalism. London: Pluto Press.
46. Caplan PJ, Crawford M, Hyde JS, Richardson JTE (1997). Gender Differences in Human Cogniton. New York: Oxford University press. [DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112917.001.0001]
47. Simmons G (2008). Marketing to Postmodern Consumers: Introducing the internet chameleon. European Journal of [DOI:10.1108/03090560810852940]
48. Marketing. 42(3-4):299-310.
49. Thomas DF, Cross JE (2007). Organization as place builders. Greeley, CO: University of Northern Colorado, Department of Management Faculty Publications.
50. Woodward K (2004). Ouestioning Identity: Gender, Class, Nation. London: Routledge. [DOI:10.4324/9780203392133]
51. Wynn E, katz J (1998). Hyperbole over Cyberspace: Self-Presentation and Social Boundaries in Internet Home Pages and Discourse. The Information Society an International Journal. 13(4):297-327. [DOI:10.1080/019722497129043]
52. Zaki MA (2016). Internet and Iranian Identity. Journal
53. of Information Communication. 12(37):185-206. [Persian]

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Volume 34, Issue 3 (2019) Back to browse issues page