:: Volume 35, Issue 1 (2020) ::
GeoRes 2020, 35(1): 11-18 Back to browse issues page
Optimum Political-Spatial Pattern of Social Power Distribution in Baluchestan Region
Mohammadreza Zeerakee * 1, Mohammad Akhbaree2
1- Department of Geography, Imam Hoseein University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Geography, Faculty of Literatures and Humanities, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Unit 4, Block 4, Yas 1, Imam Town, Babayee Highway, Tehran, Iran. Postal Code: 169871546
Abstract:   (2974 Views)
Aims & Backgrounds: Power has various dimensions and in the current research it refers to the people and social governance which is called social power The distribution of power in Baluchestan region as one of the most influential ethnic minorities in the relations of Iranian society is divided into formal and informal spectrum This situation has caused many security problems in the region in recent years so that the ethnic demands in the region have become ethnic – religious demands. The purpose of this study was to develop an optimal pattern of social power distribution in ethnic Baluch in the south – east of Iran.
Methodology: This research is a qualitative which was conducted using grounded theory approach. The statistical population includes seventeen professionals and experts in the field of ethnic and religious issues and are selected using purposive sampling. Data were collected through semi –structured interviews and analyzed by content analysis method using MAXQDA software.
Findings: Four identified groups that have power and influence among Baluch society residents in the south east of Iran include religious elites (62%), ethnic elites (19.7%), scientific elites (12.4%) and economic elites 6%) which shape social power in the region.
Conclusion: The main issue of the study is the distribution of informal power among ethnic Baluch people living in iran which identified four power spectrum: religious elites, ethnic elites, scientific elites and economic elites, and proposed optimal model (power balance pattern) based on that.
Keywords: Social Power, Social Power Distribution, Ethnicity, Baluch, Baluchestan- Iran
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Political geography
Received: 2019/02/6 | Accepted: 2020/03/12 | Published: 2020/03/12
* Corresponding Author Address: Unit 4, Block 4, Yas 1, Imam Town, Babayee Highway, Tehran, Iran. Postal Code: 169871546
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