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:: Volume 34, Issue 2 (2019) ::
geores 2019, 34(2): 233-243 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Environmental and Geographical Factors on Distribution of the Chalcolithic Sites in the Hourand Region, Iran
Sahar Bakhtiari1, Rouhollah Shirazi *2, Behrouz Omrani3, Sepideh Bakhtiari4, Reza Salmanpoor5, Seyedeh zahra Abtahi frooshani Mrs5
1- Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
2- Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran , rouhollah.shirazi@lihu.usb.ac.ir
3- Department of Prehistory, Iranian Center for Archaeological Research, Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Tourism, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Art & Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Sari, Iran
5- Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Literature & Human Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (746 Views)
Aims & Backgrounds: Ancient sites of chalcolithic age in the Hourand region located at the eastern part of Azerbaijan, Iran covers the historical period from the late 6th millennium to the 4th millennium BC. This study aimed to investigate the effect of environmental and geographical factors on the distribution of the chalcolithic sites in the Hourand region located at the eastern part of Azerbaijan, Iran.
Methodology: The proposed models for investigating the site selection and distribution of the ancient sites in the Hourand region was based on the ArcGIS software, multivariable statistics method, and digital spatial data. By use of this model, the environmental and cultural factors that had a greater role in shaping the patterns of spatial data distribution and archaeological sites were analyzed.
Findings: The placement position of chalcolithic sites in terms of distance to water resources and communication paths and degree of the slope were classified into 5, 6 and 6 categories, respectively.
Conclusion: The placement position of ancient sites of the Hourand region in chalcolithic age is a function of natural components includes water resources, communication paths and elevation from the sea level and the other factors have had little influence on the site selection. 
Keywords: Hourand, Chalcolithic, Settlement Pattern, Environmental Factors, Spatial Distribution
Full-Text [PDF 929 kb]   (75 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: General Geography
Received: 2018/06/26 | Accepted: 2019/04/20 | Published: 2019/06/3
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bakhtiari S, shirazi R, omrani B, bakhtiari S, salmanpoor R, abtahi frooshani S Z. Effect of Environmental and Geographical Factors on Distribution of the Chalcolithic Sites in the Hourand Region, Iran . geores. 2019; 34 (2) :233-243
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Volume 34, Issue 2 (2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal
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