:: Volume 34, Issue 2 (2019) ::
geores 2019, 34(2): 293-302 Back to browse issues page
Space-Time Analysis of Quarrels in Ardabil City, Iran
Asghar Pashazadeh1, Mohammad Hasan Yazdani *2, Alireza Mohammadi1
1- Department of Urban & Rural Planning, Faculty of Literature & Humanities, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran, ardabil
2- Department of Urban & Rural Planning, Faculty of Literature & Humanities, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran , yazdani.m51@gmail.com
Abstract:   (920 Views)

Aims & Backgrounds: Involvement is one of the most experienced human crimes, which endangers the financial, and life security of individuals and society and its study is most important to increase the security of individuals and society. Investigation of quarrel occurrence shows that this crime occurs at specific times and places. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to the identification of the most common times and places of quarrel occurrence in Ardabil city.
Methodology: The descriptive-analytical study was carried out on imprisoned criminals because of the quarrel/conflict in the first half of 2017 who served their sentences in Ardabil city. The subjects (N=111) completed the questionnaire. Data analysis were conducted using Chi-square and Cramer tests through SPSS 19 software, and using spatial statistics (Average nearest neighbor, standard deviation distribution curve model, central limit theorem and Kernel density estimation model) through ArcGIS software.
Findings: Most of the quarrels were conducted during the spring season, especially in May and Jun, early, and late of each week and midday of each day. More involvements occur in the peripheral and worn out tissues of the city, where the population density is high, and according to the output of the kernel density map, the dispersion of the conflicts follow a cluster pattern. According to the output of the kernel density map, dispersion of conflicts and quarrels followed the cluster pattern.  There was a significant relationship between the place of residence and the location of the quarrel. The most frequent location of the quarrel was the central and northwestern parts of the Ardabil city.
Conclusion: Time and place are the effective factors in the occurrence of quarrel and they have different effects considering the spatiotemporal conditions.

Keywords: Crime Time, Crime Place, Quarrel, Ardabil City
Full-Text [PDF 2305 kb]   (229 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Urban Planning
Received: 2018/05/23 | Accepted: 2019/05/13 | Published: 2019/06/3
* Corresponding Author Address: ardabil
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Volume 34, Issue 2 (2019) Back to browse issues page