[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Current Issue :: Search :: Submit an Article ::
:: Volume 34, Issue 1 (2019) ::
GeoRes 2019, 34(1): 1-9 Back to browse issues page
Identification and Characterization of Dust Source in Khorasan Razavi Province
Sima Poorhashemi1, Abolghasem Ami Ahmadi *2, Mohammad Ali Zangane1, Mahdi Salehi3
1- Department of Geomorphology, Geography Faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
2- Department of Geomorphology, Geography Faculty, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran , amirahmadi1388@gmail.com
3- Department of statistical, basic Science Faculty, Neyshaboor University, Neyshaboor, Iran
Abstract:   (4364 Views)
Background and Amis: One of the phenomena in arid and semi-arid regions is dust storm. Dust is one of the environmental issues that affect the quality and pollution of the air, human health, soil fertility, visibility, economy, and many social and environmental aspects of the community.
The present research has been carried out to identify and characterize the areas of dust source in Khorasan Razavi province during the period (2005-2016).
Methodology: In this research identified 65 dust source in case study with use MODIS image. Then, the characteristics of these points were studied in terms of soil, slope, elevation, vegetation index (NDVI), lithology and land use.
Findings: The results of the characteristics of dust sources showed that 63 percent of the points in the land use area were located at the levels related to the poor pastures (23 points) and dry land (18 points). In the slope layer, 43.07 percent of the points are located on the 0-2 percent floor and in the soil layer 49.2 percent of the points are on the floor of the Eridisol, which includes 39.2 percent of the area of the area. In the NDVI layer, 98.4 the percentage of points that cover about 99% of the area of the area is related to the non-vegetation section, and in the layer related to the elevation points, 90% of the points (60 points) are located in the altitudinal area of 0-1500. In relation to the lithology of the region, discontinuous sedimentary units with an area of 49.56 are about 66.15% of the points.
Conclusion:The results indicate that most of the dust source areas are located in weak pasture land use and rainy land with erosive soil and lithology that has poor vegetation cover.
Keywords: Dust source, Land cover, NDVI, Khorasan Razavi Province
Full-Text [PDF 2037 kb]   (1734 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/03/16 | Accepted: 2018/09/30 | Published: 2019/03/17
1. Ackerman SA (1997). Remote sensing aerosols using satellite infrared observations. Geophysical Research. 102(D14):17069-17080. [DOI:10.1029/96JD03066]
2. Baddock MC, Gill TE, Bullard JE, Dominguez Acosta M, Rivera NI (2011). Geomorphology of the chihuahuan desert based on potential dust emissions. Maps. 7(1):249-259. [DOI:10.4113/jom.2011.1178]
3. Boroghani M, Pourhashemi S, Zanganeh Asadi MA, Moradi HR (2017). Dust Source Identification in the Middle East by Using Remote Sensing. Natural Environmental Hazards. 6(11):101-118. [Persian]
4. Bullard J, Baddock M, McTainsh G, Leys J (2008). Sub-basin scale dust source geomorphology detected using MODIS. Geophysical Research Letters. 35(15):1-19. [DOI:10.1029/2008GL033928]
5. Cao H, Amiraslani F, Liu J, Zhou N (2015). Identification of dust storm source areas in West Asia using multiple environmental datasets. Science of the Total Environment. 502:224-235. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.09.025] [PMID]
6. Crouvi O, Schepanski K, Amit R, Gillespie AR, Enzel Y (2012). Multiple dust sources in the Sahara Desert: the importance of sand dunes. Geophysical Research Letters. 39:L13401. [DOI:10.1029/2012GL052145]
7. Dawelbait M, Morari F (2012). Monitoring desertification in a Savannah region in Sudan using Landsat images and spectral mixture analysis. Journal of Arid Environments. 80:45-55. [DOI:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2011.12.011]
8. Ebrahimi Khosfi Z, Vali AA, Khosroshahi M, Ghazavi R (2017). Investigation of the role of bed dried Gavkhooni wetland on the production of the internal dust using remote sensing and duststorms (Case study: Isfahan province). Rangeland and Desert Research. 24(1):152-164. [Persian]
9. Engelstaedter S, Kohfeld KE, Tegen I, Harrison SP (2003). Controls of dust emissions by vegetation and topographic depressions: an evaluation using dust storm frequency data. Geophysics Research Letter. 30(6).27-31. [DOI:10.1029/2002GL016471]
10. Floyd KW, Gill TE (2011). The association of land covers with aeolian sediment production at Jornada Basin, New Mexico, USA. Aeolian Research. 3(1):55-66. [DOI:10.1016/j.aeolia.2011.02.002]
11. Goossens D, Buck B (2009). Dust dynamics in off-road vehicle trails: measurements on 16 arid soil types, Nevada, USA. Environmental Economics and Management. 90(11):3458-3469. [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.05.031] [PMID]
12. Goudie A (2014). Review Desert dust and human health disorders. Environment International. 63(3):101-113. [DOI:10.1016/j.envint.2013.10.011] [PMID]
13. Hahnenberger M, Nicoll K (2014). Geomorphic and land cover identification of dust sources in the eastern Great Basin of Utah, U.S.A. Geomorphology. 204(2):657-672. [DOI:10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.09.013]
14. Hao X, Qu J, Hauss B, Wang C (2007). A high-performance approach for brightness temperature inversion. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 28(21):4733-4743. [DOI:10.1080/01431160701253238]
15. Jewell PW, Nicoll K (2011). Wind regimes and aeolian transport in the Great Basin, U.S.A. Geomorphology. 129(1-2):1-13. [DOI:10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.01.005]
16. Karimi K, Shahraeni H, NowKhandan M, Hafezi Moghadas N (2011). Dust source identification in Middle East with used remote sensing. Journal of Climatology Research. 7(2):57-72. [Persian]
17. Lee J, Baddock M, Mbuh M, Gill Th (2012). Geomorphic and land cover characteristics of aeolian dust sources in West Texas and eastern New Mexico, USA. Aeolian Research. 3(4):459-466. [DOI:10.1016/j.aeolia.2011.08.001]
18. Lee J, Gill T, Mulligan K, Acosta MD, Perez A (2009). Land use/land cover and point sources of the 15 December 2003 dust storm in southwestern North America. Geomorphology. 105(1-2):18-27. [DOI:10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.12.016]
19. Lim JY, Chun Y (2006). The characteristics of Asian dust events in Northeast Asia during the springtime from 1993 to 2004. Global and Planetary Change. 52(1-4):231-247. [DOI:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2006.02.010]
20. Lindley TT, Vitale JD, Burgett WS, Beierle MJ (2011). Proximity meteorological observations for wind-driven grassland wildfire start on the southern High Plains. Severe Storms Meteorology. 6(1):1-27.
21. Maurer T, Herrmann L, Stahr K (2009). The effect of surface variability factors on wind erosion susceptibility: A field study in SW Niger. Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. 172(6):798-807. [DOI:10.1002/jpln.200800141]
22. Miller ME, Bowker MA, Reynolds RL, Goldstein HL (2012). Post-fire land treatments and wind erosion lessons from the Milford Flat Fire, UT, USA. Aeolian Research. 7(4):29-44. [DOI:10.1016/j.aeolia.2012.04.001]
23. Moridnejad A, Karimi N, Ariya P (2015). Newly desertified regions in Iraq and its surrounding areas: Significant novel sources of global dust particles. Journal of Arid Environments. 116:1-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2015.01.008]
24. Mosavi Bayghi M, Ashraf B (2012). The study of synoptic patterns that caused autumn and winter droughts in Khorasan Razavi Province. Water and Soil Conservation Research. 18(4):167-184. [Persian]
25. Parajuli Sp, Zender CS (2017). Connecting geomorphology to dust emission through high-resolution mapping of global land cover and sediment supply. Aeolian Research. 27:47-65. [DOI:10.1016/j.aeolia.2017.06.002]
26. Pourghasemi HR, Kerle N (2016). Random forests and evidential belief function-based landslide susceptibility assessment in Western Mazandaran Province, Iran. Environmental Earth Sciences. 75(3):1-17. [DOI:10.1007/s12665-015-4950-1]
27. Pourhashemi S, Boroghani M, Zanganeh Asadi MA, AmirAhmadi A (2015). Analysis relation of vegetation cover on the number of dust event in Khorasan Razavi using geographic information system and remote sensing. RS & GIS for Natural Resources. 6(4):33-45. [Persian]
28. Prospero JM, Ginoux P, Torres O, Nicholson SE, Gill TE (2002). Environmental characterization of global sources of atmospheric soil dust identified with the Nimbus 7 total ozone mapping spectrometer absorbing aerosol product. Reviews of Geophysics. 40(1):2-31. [DOI:10.1029/2000RG000095]
29. Rashki A, Kaskaoutis DG, Goudie AS, Kahn RA (2013). Dryness of ephemeral lakes and consequences for dust activity: The case of the Hamoun drainage basin, southeastern Iran. Science of the Total Environment. 463-464(3):552-564. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.06.045] [PMID]
30. Rashki A, Kaskaoutis DG, Rautenbach C, Eriksson PG, Qiang M, Gupta P (2012). Dust storms and their horizontal dust loading in the Sistan region, Iran. Aeolian Research. 5(3):51-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.aeolia.2011.12.001]
31. Rezazadeh M, Irannejad P, Shao Y (2013). Climatology of the Middle East dust events. Aeolian Research. 10:103-109. [DOI:10.1016/j.aeolia.2013.04.001]
32. Rivera Rivera NI, Gill TE, Bleiweiss MP, Hand JL (2010). Source characteristics of hazardous Chihuahuan Desert dust outbreaks. Atmospheric Environmental. 44(20):2457-2468. [DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.03.019]
33. Roscovensky JK, Liou, KN (2005). Differentiating airborne dust from cirrus clouds using MODIS data. Geophysical Research Letters. 32(12):L12809. [DOI:10.1029/2005GL022798]
34. Sankey JB, Wallace CSA, Ravi S (2013). Phenology-based, remote sensing of post-burn disturbance windows in rangelands. Ecological Indicators. 30:35-44. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.02.004]
35. Sissakian V, Al-Ansari N, Knutsson S (2013). Sand and dust storm events in Iraq. Natural Science. 5(10):1084-1094. [DOI:10.4236/ns.2013.510133]
36. Sweeney MR, McDonald EV, Etyemezian V (2011). Quantifying dust emissions from desert landforms, eastern Mojave Desert, USA. Geomorphology. 135: 21-34. [DOI:10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.07.022]
37. Tan M, Li X, Xin L (2014). Intensity of dust storms in China from 1980 to 2007: A new definition. Atmospheric Environment. 85(4):215-222. [DOI:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.12.010]
38. Tsolmon R, Ochirkhuyag L., Sternberg T (2008). Monitoring the source of trans-national dust storms in north East Asia. International Journal of Digital Earth. 1(1):119-129. [DOI:10.1080/17538940701782593]
39. Vickery K, Eckardt F (2013). Dust emission controls on the lower Kuiseb River valley, Central Namib. Aeolian Research. 10(3):125-133. [DOI:10.1016/j.aeolia.2013.02.006]
40. Walker AL, Liu M, Miller SD, Richardson KA, Westphal DL (2009). Development of a dust source database for mesoscale forecasting in Southwest Asia. Geophysical Research. 114(18):1-24. [DOI:10.1029/2008JD011541]
41. Wang X, Xia D, Wang T, Xue X, Li J (2008). Dust sources in arid and semiarid China and southern Mongolia: impacts of geomorphological setting and surface materials. Geomorphology. 97(3-4):583-600. [DOI:10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.09.006]
42. Zobeck T, Baddock M, Pelt R, Tatarko J, Acosts-Martinez V (2013). Soil property effects on wind erosion of organic soils. Aeolian Research. 10:43-51. [DOI:10.1016/j.aeolia.2012.10.005]
43. Zoljoodj M, Didevarasl A, Saadatabadi AR (2013). Dust Events in the Western Parts of Iran and the Relationship with Drought Expansion over the Dust-Source Areas in Iraq and Syria. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences. 3(3):321-336. [DOI:10.4236/acs.2013.33034]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Poorhashemi S, Ami Ahmadi A, Zangane M A, Salehi M. Identification and Characterization of Dust Source in Khorasan Razavi Province. GeoRes. 2019; 34 (1) :1-9
URL: http://georesearch.ir/article-1-381-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 34, Issue 1 (2019) Back to browse issues page
تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 4419