:: Volume 33, Issue 1 (2018) ::
geores 2018, 33(1): 39-50 Back to browse issues page
Analyzing ISIS's Impact on Middle East's Political-Security Equationsations
Hamzeh Safavi 1, Ali Mohamad Khaksar2
1- Department of Regional Studies, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran , safavi@ut.ac.ir
2- Department of Regional Studies, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3677 Views)
This article seeks to examine the effects of the rise of ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria) in Syria and Iraq on the political-security equations and power developments in the West Asia region. Regarding the neoclassical realism theory of international relations, the constant variable of this research is ISIS and its dependent variable is power developments in the Middle East region. The research method of this paper is "descriptive-analytical". The collected materials are presented quantitatively in tables using the library and documentary methods, and then analyzed based on the theoretical framework of the research. This article studies the various dimensions of the role of ISIS in Middle East dynamics. From the perspective of the paper, the first and most important consequence of the emergence of the ISIS terrorist group in West Asia is the "weakening of the resistance front" against the Zionist regime, which took place in two directions. First, by increase in the number of terrorist groups in the Middle East, the power of groups of the resistance axis are used to confront them. Second, the emergence of ISIS has created a rift between Sunni and Shiite, and resulted in internal differences in Islamic World that eventually is in the favor of Zionist regime. One more consequence of ISIS is the "Increase of “Islamophobia” in the world. On the other hand, the ISIS crisis has made "negative impact on economy and development" in the region. Accordingly, we see the decline of Western Asian countries financial resources and their retardation from the process of economic and industrial development. In all, ISIS has caused security-economic damage to all actors in the Middle East and by challenging existing relative order, has increased the roots of distrust in the region, and has faced serious challenges to the peace prospects among the region's actors.
© 2018 Geographical Researches
Keywords: ISIS, Middle East, Syria, Iraq
Full-Text [PDF 781 kb]   (1476 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Political geography
Received: 2017/10/22 | Accepted: 2018/03/1 | Published: 2018/06/18
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