زمان پاسخگویی تنها روزهای زوج ساعت 8 الی 10 صبح 

   [Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: About :: Main :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 32, Issue 4 (3-2018) ::
geores 2018, 32(4): 188-209 Back to browse issues page
Planning and Formulating Solutions for the Realization of Creative Cities in Iran (Case Study: Urmia City)
Ahmad Aftab 1, Hussain Nazmfar 1, Ata Ghafarigilandeh 1, Mirnajaf Mousavi 2
1- Department of Geography and Urban planning, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2- Department of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Urmia, West Azerbaijan, Iran
Abstract:   (1006 Views)
The aim of this research is planning and formulating solutions for the realization of creative cities in Iran with emphasis on Urmia city. This is an analytical-descriptive, correlation research and for data analysis the model of network analysis, TOPSIS and for the relationship between the variables inferential statistics tests such as correlation coefficient, multivariable regression and path analysis were used. Statistical population consists of the five regions in Urmia and the factors of the study include 10 main criteria with 16 sub-criteria that were selected based on a thorough examination of external and internal sources. The results of the ANP model show that the criteria of creativity infrastructure and creative class were of the highest importance with a score of 0.39 and 0.094 respectively, and criteria of urban scale and social diversity were of the lowest importance with a score of 0.122 and 0.023 respectively in moving the city of Urmia toward being a creative city. Examining the status of the indicators of creativity and how they are distributed and ranked shows that region one with the TOPSIS 0.9781 is in the first place and region two with the TOPSIS 0.0097 had the last rank regarding level of creativity between the regions of Urmia. The results show that there is a positive and significant correlation between 10 variables and urban creativity in the five regions of Urmia. Meanwhile, region one has the highest correlation with 0.496, and the above ten variables are capable of explaining 37.8% of variance variations (The situation of urban creativity in the Urmia). The results of the path analysis are that criteria for creativity infrastructure and creative class with the rate of 0.501 and 0.490 have the most impact on the realization of the Urumia creative city. As a result, solutions such as development of elite recruitment centers, maintaining creative class, using Urumia’s social diversity, investing and developing technology infrastructures have the greatest impact for the city of Urmia on the path to becoming a creative city.
Keywords: Creative City, Network Analysis, TOPSIS, Path Analysis, Urmia City
Full-Text [PDF 3009 kb]   (882 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Urban Planning
Received: 2017/07/3 | Accepted: 2017/10/14 | Published: 2018/03/17
References
1. ­Akbari-Mottaghl, M. (2013), The Study of the Dimensions of the Creative City Theory and its Impact on Sustainable Urban Development with an Emphasis on World Trade, National Conference on Sustainable Architecture and Urban Development, Bokan (in Persian)
2. ­Coletta, C. (2008), Fostering the Creative City CEOS for Cities, August 2008.
3. ­Cooke, P., Lazzeretti, L. (2008), Creative Cities, Cultural Clusters and Local Economic Development, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, MA Edward Elgar.
4. ­Daniela, S., Daniel, P., Radu, P., Andrei, S. (2014), Territorial Distribution of Creative Poles in Romania, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 122, pp. 184-188.
5. ­Donegan, M., Lowe, N. (2008), Inequality in the Creative City Is There Still a Place for Old-Fashioned “Institutions? Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 46 -62.
6. ­Durmaz, S., Bahar, N. (2015), Analyzing the Quality of Place Creative Clusters in Soho and Beyoglu, Journal of Urban Design, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 93-124.
7. ­Eghbali, N., Bik Babaei, B., Abdollahi, V., Hosseinzadeh, Mo., Hendi, H. (2015), Investigating Indicators of the Formation of the Creative City: Case Study, Tabriz Metropolis, Quarterly Journal of human geography, pp. 63-79 (in Persian).
8. ­Florida, R. (2002), The Economic Geography of Talent, Annals of the Associations of American Geographers, Vol. 92, No. 4, pp. 743-755.
9. ­Florida, R. (2005), Cities and the Creative class, City Community, New York, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 3-19.
10. ­Garnham, N. (2005), from Cultural to Creative Industries an Analysis of the Implications of the 'Creative Industries' Approach to Arts and Policy Making in the United Kingdom, International Journal of Cultural Policy, Vol. 110, No. 24, pp. 15-30.
11. ­Gertler, M. S. (2004), Creative Cities What Are They for, How Do They Work, and How Do We Build Them? Canadian Policy Research Networks, online, available from: www.cprn.org [last accessed: 21/4/2010]
12. ­Ghorbani, R., HoseeinAbadi, S., Torani, A. (2013), Creative Cities a Cultural Approach to Urban Development; Geographical Study of Arid Areas, No. 11, pp. 1-18(in Persian)
13. ­Healey, P. (2004), Creativity and Urban Governance, Policy Studies, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 87- 102
14. ­Hekmat Nia, H., Mousavi, M. (2013), Model Application in Geography with Emphasis on Urban and Regional Planning, Third Edition, Azadepeyma Pub (in Persian)
15. ­Higgins, M., Morgan, J. (2000), The Role of Creativity in Planning the Creative Practitioner’, Planning Practice and Research, Vol.15, No. 1/2, pp. 117-127.
16. ­Jopek, D. (2014), Good City Form, Creative New York, The Idea of Creative City, The Urban Policy Debate Conference, held in Krakow17-18, pp. 182-187.
17. ­Khosrowbigy, R., Khakpur, B., Eastgoldy, M., Shamsuddini, R., Aftab, A. (2014), Assessment and prioritization of social sustainability in urban areas using multi criteria decision making techniques Topsis hierarchical fuzzy (Case Study: City Bandar Turkmen), Geography and Regional Development, Vol.12, No.20, pp. 1-24 (in Persian)
18. ­Landry, C (2008), The Creative City It is Origin and Future Urban Design, UK. Comedia.
19. ­Medeiros, N. (2005), Planning for Creativity the Case Study of Winnipeg’s Exchange District, Master Degree Project, Faculty of Environmental Design Mirgholami, M., Shokrani Dizaj, M., Sediqfar, A., Mousaviyen, S.M. (2014), Investigating the Security of Enclosed Enclosures Using the Method of Determining the Spatial Coefficient and Crime Rates (Case study: Urmia City), Urban Studies Quarterly, No.16, pp. 55-66 (in Persian)
20. ­Mokhtari Malek Abadi, R., Marsousi, N., Ali Akbari, I., Amini, D. (2015), Indigenous Indicators of the Creative City with Islamic Iran Approach; Geography Quarterly, No. 47, pp. 161-177(in Persian)
21. ­Mokhtari Malek Abadi, R., Marsousi, N., Ali Akbari, I., Amini, D. (2015), Explaining Localization Indicators of the Spatial of Creative City with Iranian Islamic Approach, Quarterly Journal of Iranian Islamic Studies, No. 22, pp. 23-39 (in Persian).
22. ­Mirgholami, M., Shekaranidezij, M., Sedighfar, A., Mosaviaan, M. (2016), Investigating the security of enclosed enclosures using the method of determining the spatial coefficient and mass corpora Case study: Urmia, Journal of Urban Studies, Vol. 16, pp. 55-66.
23. ­Mousavi, M. (2014), Ranking the Districts of Sardasht City in Terms of Moving Toward Creativity with an Emphasis on Realization Creative City by the Use of TOPSIS Model and Network Analysis, Geography Magazine and Urban-Regional Journal, No. 10, pp. 19-38 (in Persian)
24. ­Musterd, S. (2010), The Creative Cultural Knowledge City, Some Conditions. Paper presented at the University of Kaiserlautern,
25. ­Rafieeyan, M., Shabani, M. (2015), Analysis of Urban Creativity Indices in Settlement System of Mazandaran Province, Journal Management System, Vol. 5, pp.19-34 (in Persian).
26. ­Rahnama, M.R., Aftab, A. (2014), Location of fire stations in Urmia using GIS and AHP. Geography and development. No. 35. pp. 166-153 (in Persian).
27. ­Reckwitz, A. (2009), Die Selbstkulturalisierung der Stadt Zur Transformation Moderner Urbanitat in der Creative City, Mittelweg 36, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 2-34.
28. ­Sarver, R., Akbari, M., Amani, M., Taleshi, M. (2016), Analysis of the efficiency of urban Neighborhoods in Terms of Creative Cities (Case study: Bonab city), Geography Journal, No. 48, pp. 351 -322 (in Persian).
29. ­Sasaki, M. (2008), Developing Creative Cities through Networking Policy Science, Vol.15, No.3, pp.54.
30. ­Shaw, K. (2014), Melbourne’s Creative Spaces program: Reclaiming the ‘creative city’, City, Culture and Society, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 139–147.
31. ­Statistics Center of Iran (2011), Population and Housing Census (in Persian)
32. ­The Center for Cultural Policy Research. (2004), A Study on Hong Kong Creativity Index, Interim Report, the University of Hong Kong Home Affairs Bureau.
33. ­Winden, W., Den Berg, L., Peter, P. (2007), European Cities in the Knowledge Economy Towards a Typology Urban Studies, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 260-279.
34. ­Yusuf, S., Nabeshima, K. (2005), Creative Industries in East Asia, Cities, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 109-122.
35. ­Zarabi, A., Mousavi, M. N., Bagheri Kaskulli, A. (2014), A Study on the Realizability of Creative City (A Comparative Comparison Between Indicators of Sustainable Urban Development and the Creative City of Yazd City), Geography and Urban Space Development, No.1, pp. 1-17 (in Persian).
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Aftab A, Nazmfar H, Ghafarigilandeh A, Mousavi M. Planning and Formulating Solutions for the Realization of Creative Cities in Iran (Case Study: Urmia City). geores. 2018; 32 (4) :188-209
URL: http://georesearch.ir/article-1-375-en.html


Volume 32, Issue 4 (3-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه تحقیقات جغرافیایی Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 3764